The average of a given number of quantities of the same kind is expressed as
Average = sum of quantities/Number of quantities
Average is also called the Arithmetic Mean.
Also, Sum of the quantities = Average × Number of the quantities
If all the given quantities are not all the same, then the average of the given quantities is always greater, then the smallest number and always less than largest number. Equivalently, at least one of the numbers is less than the average and at least one is greater than the average.
If each of the given quantities is increased by a constant p, then their average is also increased by p.
If each of given quantities is decreased by a constant p, then their average is also decreased by p.
If each of given quantities is multiplied by a constant p, then their average is also multiplied by p.
Whenever the given quantities form an arithmetic sequence and if the given quantities has odd terms, then the average is the middle term in the sequence and if the given quantities has even terms, then the average of the sequence is the average of the middle two terms.
In order to calculate the weighted average of a set of numbers, multiply each number in the set by the number of times it appears, add all the products and divide by the total number of numbers in the set.
Solution: Total weight of 32 students = 30.5 × 32 = 976 kg
Average weight of (32 students + 1 teacher) = (30.5 + 0.5) = 31 kg
Total weight of (32 students + 1 teacher) = 31 × 33 = 1023 kg
Weight of teacher = (1023 – 976) kg = 47 kg
Solution: Let the average money spent by the 12 men =x
Money spent by the 12th man = (x + 11)
Money spent by the other 11 men = (11 × 5) =55
Total money spent by the 12 men = (55 + x + 11) =(x + 66)
x = x+66/12
12x = x + 66 ; x = 6 Total money spent by the 12 men = 6 × 12 = ` 72.