Major Sea Ports in India : Indian Geography

Major Sea Ports in India

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Major seaports in India Map

Major Ports in East Coast:

Kolkata (West Bengal):

  • It is a riverine port located on the bank of Hooghly River in the city of Kolkata, India.
  • It is the oldest operating one in India, having originally been constructed by the British East India Company.
  • Handles diversified commodities, coming from S.E. Asian countries, Australia and New Zealand.

Paradip  (Orissa):

  • Paradip has been identified for development as one of the six major petroleum, chemicals and petrochemical investment regions (PCPIRs) in India, along the lines of Pudong in China, Rotterdam in Europe and Houston in North America.

Vishakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh)

  • It is situated among the hills of the Eastern Ghats and faces the Bay of Bengal on the east.
  • India’s deepest landlocked harbor handling crude oil and petroleum products.

  Chennai (Tamil Nadu)

  • The second largest port of India and the largest harbor in the Bay of Bengal.
  • Handles a variety of cargo including iron ore, coal, granite, fertilizers, petroleum products, containers, automobiles and several other types of general cargo items.

Tuticorin (Tamil Nadu)

  • It is second-largest port in Tamil Nadu and fourth-largest container terminal in India.
  • Handles mainly coal, salt, edible oil dry cargo and petroleum products. 
  • It handles both containers and cruise ships.

Haldia (West Bengal)

  • It is a new harbor developed on the River Hooghly to relieve Calcutta port.
  • Site of oil refinery.[divider] 

Major Ports in west Coast:

 Mumbai (Maharashtra)

  • It is a natural deep-water harbour in the southern portion of the Ulhas River estuary.
  • The biggest port of India.
  • It handles maximum traffic (over one fifth of total traffic of ports) which includes mineral oil and dry cargo.

Kandla (Gujarat)

  • It is Located on the Gulf of Kutch in Kutch District of Gujarat state in western India, near the city of Gandhidham.
  • Major imports are petroleum, chemicals, and iron and steel and iron machinery, but it also handles salt, textiles, and grain.

Jawaharlal Nehru (Nhava sheva) :

  • The largest container harnour in India.
  • It handles cargo traffic mostly originating from or destined for Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, as well as most of North India.
  • Equipped with modern facilities having mechanised container berths for handling dry cargo and service berths.

Mormugao (Goa)

  • A leading iron ore exporting port of India with an annual throughput of around 27.33 million tonnes of iron ore traffic.
  • It is placed at fifth position in terms of total traffic handled.

Cochin (Kerala)

  • A major Natural harbour on the Arabian Sea – Indian Ocean sea-route.
  • It lies on two islands in the Lake of Kochi: Willingdon Island and Vallarpadam, towards the Fort Kochi river mouth opening onto the Arabian Sea.
  • Handles the export of tea, coffee and spices and imports of petroleum oil and fertilizers.

New Mangalore (Karnataka)

  • The only major port of Karnataka and is currently the ninth largest in India.
  • Handles the export of iron ore of Kudremukh and imports of petroleum products, fertilizers, edible oils, etc.
  • Major imports  are crude and petroleum products, LPG, wood pulp, timber logs, finished fertilizers, liquid ammonia, phosphoric acid, other liquid chemicals, containerized cargo, etc.[divider]

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Nitin Kawale has written 598 articles

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